LEGAL SYSTEM: Islamic law
The Islamic law (Sharia) define the community moral
objectives. The term Right in Islam has a wider significance than it has
in the occidental space; it held moral and legal imperatives. This is the
reason why not all the Islamic laws can be taken as legal or imposed by
the law courts. It depends on the moral sense.
The Sharia is considered as the Allah's law, it was
revealed to the prophet Mohammed by Allah. This law is related to the norms
fixed for the individuals in the Islam community.
Since mid of XIX century, the authorities had news
from the occidental legal systems and they tried to have similar ones.
The ottomans authorities fixed a new legal system (Madhab-1876) which tried
to make easier the law processes. This was the first step through all the
Islamic systems introduced new ways which were compatibles with the traditional
The traditional law (sharia) has had more influence
with the law related to the family. However, it is thought that the Sharia
will have a great influence over the evolution of the justice in those countries
with a large Muslim ideology.
On the other hand, there is no reason why the Muslim
states should not elaborate progressive legal systems based in general
rules compatible with the Sharia, because this has had a general characteristic
which has been the pluralism, flexibility and the interest for the continuity
of the Madhab. It is necessary to make an interpretation of the concepts
and structures of the traditional laws, so this will be completely efficient
in modern life.