Two dominant features can be found in the
Islamic art and architecture: The importance of the calligraphic decoration
and the typography composition of the mosque. These two characteristics
were tied to the Islamic doctrine and were developed in the first times
of the religion.
The Islamic ritual gave two types of religious
buildings: the Mosque and the Madrasa (Koranic School).
The civil architecture gave the palaces and the cities, where
the reached a logical distribution of the streets according to the distribution
of the water and the protection of the hot weather.
The mausoleum was another important building in the Islam. They
were used to bury the authorities, it showed their terrene power.
All these buildings have similar structural
and decorative elements.