1. The French model: (Assimilation model); the fundamental aspect of this model is the immigrant as an individual.
Consequently, each country is looking its own way of integration, its own model which must take into account:
• International legislation: – Vienna 1.989 – Copenhagen: 1.991 – where there is a clear reference to the protection of the Rights of the different cultural, religious and ethnic minorities.
At present in Europe, it is being developed a model which could be considered and hybrid. There is a secular framework which distinguishes between religion and politics. It is respectful with the Muslim individual rights and takes into account the necessities of the Islamic community. It wants to keep the social values of the local community, but at the same time letting the minority/immigrants to maintain their values.
Stéphane Lathión has written a report “The Islam in Europe, Reciprocal Rights and Responsibilities”. The author deals with the problematic situation of the Muslims communities in European societies. The study insists in two important aspects:
1. Religious freedom.
o Warrantee of individual freedom for everybody: free conscious, thinking and expression.
Stéphane Lathión proposes that Islam belong to our European culture and we have to find the best way to live together.
The problem is not the legal system, but the prejudices and the mentalities towards the religion in general, and the Islam in particular. One of the possible answers is the awareness of the rights that European have, and at the same time, these rights give us some obligations and responsibilities towards these new citizens.
Daniel Tarschys (Deputy Manager of the European Counsel) wrote “A country which is unable to live within the diversity and to integrate their citizens into a framework of respect, is doomed to the disintegration”.
Human rights don't have geographical or temporal barriers.
Shortly there will be a question to be answer: What is the new concept of a European Muslim? The Muslim presence will force the Europeans to be respectful in terms of ethnic, religion and culture. These minorities/immigrants will give the new cultural pluralism to Europe.
We should promote human rights through the education and to learn to live together. It would be worthy to foment the knowledge of each other and to find the cultural similarities and differences. Promoting the realization of common activities would help to avoid racism and xenophobia; it would eliminate the fear to the unknown.
More information can be found in:
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Latest update of this page: 2005-07-15
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