Festivals

 

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TEACHER’S  SHEET

Didactic unit

 

Topic: Festivals

 

 

Level:  B1, B2

 

 

Social and cultural information

Variety of National festivals

The ways of celebrating festivals 

bulletrituals and customs of celebration,
bulletpaces of celebration,
bulletsymbols of festivals,
bulletdifferences and similarities.

Origin of festivals

 

Objectives\aims

 To enable students to behave appropriately in a certain social situation.

To enable students to use language in a certain social context.

To involve emotions in the learning experience.

To increase students’ awareness of different cultures.

To develop the liberality towards non native cultures.

To strengthen students’ Internet, research and organization skills.

To teach students the skills of independent work habits.

To teach students to work effectively with others.

Tasks\functions

To improve vocabulary related to the topic. ( the vocabulary depends on the chosen festival)

To develop speaking skills.

bulletDescription ( telling the details)
bulletIdentification ( talking about one’s likes and dislikes)
bulletLanguage- in –action (doing things and talking)

To increase the ability to perform communicative functions

bulletAgreement
bulletDisagreement

To provide socio-cultural  information ( see above),

To increase the ability to answer the questions,

To develop writing skills

 

Methodology

Pre-activities

bulletWarming up activity ( comparative discussion about likes and dislikes)
bullet Brainstorming

Procedural activities

bulletPair work
bulletrole-play
bulletmatching pictures
bulletproject work

Didactic material

See appendixes

Evaluation

KWL

Further information

 http://www.support4learning.org.uk/shap/ 

http://www.startinbusiness.co.uk/hols/festivals.htm

http://www.soon.org.uk/country/christmas.htm 

Expected results

Students will increase knowledge about festivals of different cultures.

Students will continue to learn tolerance and respect towards non native cultures.

Students will learn to use language related to the topic.

Students will increase the skills of independent work habits.

Students will increase the skills of individual work.

Students will improve skills of searching for information.

 

     

 

Pre-activity

 

Aim: to find out about national festivals of the students from different countries

   

Name of festival

description

ranking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name of festival

Celebrated at home

Celebrated at church

Celebrated at school

Christmas

+

+

?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Christmas

 

 

Who celebrates

 

 

 

 

When does it takes

Place

 

 

 

 

Where is it celebrated

 

 

 

 

How is it celebrated

 

 

 

 

 

To what festivals illustrations are related and what makes you think so.

 

  

   click for details                                 click for details                                     

 

 

click for details                                      click for details      

 

   

  click for details                                      click for details                 

 

   

click for details                                   click for details      

 

 

Project work

Celebration Timeline

 

Students are asked to map the events of the year with a timeline. Students will identify national holidays, festivals, and celebrations, make and use a timeline.

Steps

1.      Make a list of the cultures

2.      Divide students into groups. Students may choose a group.

3.      Make a timeline that shows a full year.

4.      Agree on time students need to complete the task.

5.      Agree on schedule of presentation of the work of each group.

6.      Organize a discussion about similarities and differences of the cultures

         and festivals.

 

Project work

A  Multicultural Calendar

 

Students are asked to research the traditions of different cultures and create a multicultural calendar of the class.

   

Steps

 

bulletTogether with the students develop a list of cultures that are represented in class.

 

bulletDivide class into groups giving consideration to student interests. Students may choose a group that investigates their own culture or the different one.

   

bulletGroups do research to find important calendar dates in the traditions of their assigned culture. As a class, decide which culture will be assigned to which month, in order to maximize the number of events per month. Students have to complete the table ( see appendix nr.1) by filling in the dates for holidays and other important dates in the culture. For example, students assigned to Irish culture and working on March should label the 17th with "St. Patrick's Day." Students might decorate the calendar month with motifs and symbols from their assigned culture. Students choose one holiday or important date from their month and prepare the presentation ( see appendix nr. 2) or students may organize a festival in class at the particular date.

 

bulletCreate the calendar from different sheets of months.

 

Appendix Nr.1

     

Sunday

 

 

 

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix nr.2

 

Description

 

Name of our festival

 

 

Date of our festival

 

 

Length of our festival

 

 

What we do

 

 

Where we go

 

 

What we see

 

 

What we eat

 

 

What we give and receive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Project work

Role play

 

Students explore the traditional festivals of different cultures by acting traditional stories from various cultures.

 

Steps

1.      Together with the students develop a list of cultures that are represented in class or add some that students are interested in.

2.       Encourage students to search for information about festivals of different cultures, give some ideas – internet addresses, interviewing relatives etc.

3.      Divide students into acting groups of four, agree on the cultures the groups are to research.

4.      Explain the guidelines for putting on the plays:

    bulletSince each troupe will have about 10-15 minutes to perform, the first step is to summarize the action of the story.
    bulletOne performer narrates most of the story, while the other three pantomime the action, except for the climactic or final scene, which they act out with dialogue.
    bulletThe three actors play all the roles, wearing different masks to show which characters they are at different times.

5.      Each troupe can make its own masks. Or you might prefer to have students especially skilled in the visual arts make all the masks. Actors should be able to hold them up before their faces on a stick, which can be rulers, dowels, or even tightly rolled-up newspapers

6.      Arrange a time for the festival and encourage performers to practice (and time) their plays before the dress rehearsal. Invite other classes and community members to the performance. Have students make posters, invitations, and souvenir programs.

 

Pair work

Students are asked to make promises for the next year at the end of the year.

 

bulletEnglish
I will (a promise!) ...
bulletMy job
I am going to (intention) ...
bulletSport
I would like to ...
bulletLove
I hope to ...
bulletTravel
I am thinking about ...
bulletMoney
I will not ...
bulletFood/Diet
I am not going to ...
bulletFriends
I intend to ...
bulletTV
I am going to watch ...
bulletSchool
I promise I will ...
bulletMy parents
I will definitely ...

 

 Questions for pair work (Christmas)

bullet

Did it snow last year at Christmas?

bullet

Did you believe in Santa Claus when you were a child?

bullet

Did you enjoy last Christmas?

bullet

Do people behave differently during Christmas?

bullet

Do they try to be better?

bullet

Do you donate something (money, clothes...) to charities?

bullet

Do you give something to homeless people?

bullet

Do you attend any special religious ceremonies during the Christmas season?

bullet

Do you celebrate Christmas in your country?

bullet

Do you celebrate Christmas in a special way?

bullet

Do you celebrate Christmas in a traditional way?

bullet

Do you have a traditional Christmas?

bullet

Do you decorate the outside of your house for Christmas?

bullet

Do you eat anything special for your Christmas dinner?

bullet

Do you enjoy Christmas time?

bullet

Do you enjoy singing Christmas songs?

bullet

Do you exchange presents with your friends at school?

bullet

Do you go to church on Christmas day?

bullet

Do you have a Christmas party at school?

bullet

Do you have a Christmas tree?

bullet

If so, how do you decorate it?

bullet

When do you put it up?

bullet

When do you take it down?

bullet

Is it real or artificial?

bullet

Do you have a part-time job during Christmas vacation?

bullet

Do you have any plans to go to a Christmas party?

bullet

Do you know why Christmas is celebrated around the world?

bullet

Do you know the history of Christmas?

bullet

Do you remember when you found out that Santa Claus wasn't real/ or when your children found out? What was your/their reaction like?

bullet

Do you see your relatives at Christmas time?

bullet

Do you think Christmas is depressing? (There is a high suicide rate at this time of year.)

bullet

Do you usually put up Christmas decorations in your house? (Do you usually decorate your home?)

bullet

How about at your school of the place where you work?< your decorate you do>

bullet

Does you school have a Christmas play?

bullet

Does your family have any special Christmas traditions?

bullet

Have you already finished your Christmas shopping?

bullet

Have you ever celebrated Christmas in a foreign country?

bullet

How do you usually spend New Year's Eve? How about New Year's Day?

bullet

How long do you keep your Christmas tree up after Christmas?

bullet

How long is your Christmas vacation?

bullet

How many Christmas cards did you receive last year?

bullet

How many Christmas cards do you send?

bullet

How many presents do you usually give?

bullet

If you are not a Christian, does the intense focus on Christmas make you feel bad in any way (e.g., ignored, dismissed, angry, etc.)?

bullet

If you could go anywhere during Christmas vacation, where would you go?

bullet

In how many languages did you write Christmas cards?

bullet

Is there a holiday similar to Christmas in your home country?

bullet

What are you going to buy your boyfriend/girlfriend for their Christmas present?

bullet

What did you do last year on Christmas Day?

bullet

How did you celebrate Christmas last year?

bullet

What do you usually do for Christmas?

bullet

What do you want Santa to bring you for Christmas?

bullet

What is Christmas like in your hometown?

bullet

What is Christmas like in your country?

bullet

What is the best Christmas present you have ever gotten?

bullet

What is the most expensive Christmas present you plan to buy?

bullet

What is the typical menu for a Christmas meal in your family? (... in your country?)

bullet

What is the weather like in your country around Christmas time?

bullet

What is your attitude toward the commercialization of the Christmas season?

bullet

Is Christmas becoming too commercialized?

bullet

What is your favorite Christmas song?

bullet

Are there any special songs in your country that you don't hear here?

bullet

What kind of interesting things do you do for Christmas in your home country?

bullet

What time do you wake up on Christmas day?

bullet

What time does your family open the presents?

bullet

What traditions do you have during the Christmas season?

bullet

What will you buy your parents?

bullet

What will you do on Christmas day?

bullet

What will you eat on Christmas Day?

bullet

What would you like to get for your Christmas present?

bullet

When do you do your Christmas shopping?

bullet

What kind of presents do you buy?

bullet

Who do you buy them for?

bullet

About how much do you spend per person?

bullet

When do you give Christmas presents? (On what day? At what time?)

bullet

Where do you think Santa Claus is from?

bullet

Who do you expect to receive presents from?

bullet

Who is Santa Claus?

bullet

Do you know the history of Santa Claus?

bullet

At what age did you begin not believing in Santa Claus?

bullet

Who was at your house last Christmas?

bullet

Who would you like to be with on Christmas?

bullet

Will you have a Christmas party at your home?

bullet

Will you spend Christmas vacation with your family or your friends?

bullet

Will you travel abroad during the Christmas vacation?

bullet

Would you like to go skating during Christmas vacation?

bullet

Why do people give out Christmas cards with gifts and presents at Christmas time?

bullet

Why some people do not like Christmas?

bullet

Do people behave differently during Christmas? Do they try to be better?

bullet

Do you ever think about the real meaning of Christmas?

bullet

Whose birthday is celebrated on Christmas?

bullet

Which comes first, Christmas or New Year's Day?

 

 

 

This project is being carried out with the support of the European Community in the framework of the Socrates programme. The content of this project does not necessarily reflect the position of the European Community, nor does it involve any responsibility on the part of the European Community. For questions and contact: 
 eu-project@gmx.com
 
Latest update of this page: 2005-07-15 
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