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LOCATION: Slovenia borders on the west on Italy, on the north on Austria, on the northeast on Hungary and on the southeast on Croatia.

CAPITAL: Ljubljana

LANGUAGE: Slovene language is a southern Slav language which is written with the Latin alphabet and is spoken in Slovenia and neighboring regions of Austria and Italy. Slovene language has kept the forms that show dual number for two persons or things. It has a variety of dialects. The linguists identify around 46 dialects.

RELIGION: Catholicism

POPULATION: Slovenia had 1.948.000 inhabitants in 1989.

HISTORY: Slovenians tried repeatedly to penetrate into Italy and the mountainous region of Alps. Unable to form a unified country Slovenians were forced to accept the domination of the Bavarians. Magyars invaded into the region at the end of the 10th century. The result was the division of the region into small principalities. These principalities unified progressively by the Hapsburgs from the 13th until the 15th century. In the 16th century the counter-reformation was strongly opposed by the Catholics, but this juxtaposition contributed to the development of the Slovenian language. The Turkish invasions during the 16th and 17th centuries constituted the region unsafe with the result that the German colonisation was interrupted for some years. In the 19th century took place the national awakening of the Slovakians, who showed an interest in their relatives as far as the language is concerned, Serbs and Croats. The revolution of 1848 put an end to the status of subjugation. The Slovenian community started organized attempts from 1863 for the preservation of the Slovenian civilization. Slovenians were partitioned in 1866-7. A small part of its territory was ceded to Italy and another to Hungary. As the time was passing the Slovenians were influenced by the general dissatisfaction of the Slavs, which was culminated on the eve of the First World War. In 1918 Slovenia became member of the reign of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, and was formed the later Yugoslavia. But the new country did not contain all the Slovenians. When the Yugoslavian state broke up, the Slovenian part was divided between Germany, Italia and Hungary. After the successful outcome of the national resistance within the socialistic confederation of the democracy of Yugoslavia, it was created the democracy of Slovenia, which acquired the lost areas. The breaking down of the Soviet Union affected the developments in Yugoslavia as well, where the different nationalities claimed their independence. The top development of these changes was the recognition of Croatia and Slovenia as independent states by the European Union in 1992.

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Latest update of this page: 2005-06-28 
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