The Netherlands







Kingdom of Netherlands




34 % catholics, 25 % protestants, 3 % muslims, 36 % without confession

Political System

Constitutional monarchy

Chief of state: Queen Beatrix of Nassau-Oranienburg



Geographical Information

Capitol: Den Haag

Western Europe, Tiefebene ??, 1/3 beyond sealevel,

Boarders to Belgium and Germany

Colonies: Aruba and netherlands antills

Typical Food and drinks

Food:Cheese, fish (raw young herring) shrimps, pancakes,

Drinks: Beer, Genever, Tea

Holidays and Festivals

    1. New Year,

Easter Friday-Monday,

30.4. Queen’s Day,

4.5. Death’s rememberingday,

5.5. National Holiday,

Whitsun Sunday and Monday,

24.-26.12. Christmas


  1. Emperor Charles V hands control of the Netherlands to his son, Philip II    
  1. Spanish army led by the Duke de Alba is sent to quell unrest against the political, economic and religious pressures of the rule of Philip II    
  1. liam of Orange heads a major revolt against Alba's excessive despotism
  1. The seven northern provinces join in the Union of Utrecht to form the Republic of the United Netherlands. The southern provinces are again subjugated by Spain. In 1794 they are incorporated into France.        
  1. The Habsburgs formally recognize the independence of the Republic of the United Netherlands in the Peace of Westphalia        
  1. Napoleon establishes the "Kingdom of Holland" which is incorporated into the French Empire in 1810   
  1. Independence from the French Empire    

1814 Constitution    
1815 William I becomes king of the United Netherlands (including Belgium)    

  1. Belgium officially becomes an independent state    

10 May 1940 Germany invades and the five-year occupation means

the end of the traditional policy of neutrality    
1952 Founding member of the European Coal and

1958 Founding member of the European

Economic Community    

Art and culture

Big painters: Rembrandt, P. Brueghel, van Dyck, P. Rubens, Vermeer, van Gogh,

Composer: Orlando di Lasso,

Ceramics: Delfter Kacheln,

Gardening: enveloping famous tulips,



Dos and don´ts for visiting the country

Very liberal, but still very reserved against the Germans

Population and

% of foreign population /minorities

16,2 Mio inhabitants, 475 inhabitants / km˛, most inhabitated country in Europe

18,8 % foreigners ( ˝ western people and ˝ other parts of the world)

Main Integration Problems

Even if the Netherlands have got immigrants from former colonies and also from Africa and Asia , the country doesn´t look like having important integration problems: This could be explained by the high tolerance of Netherlands population.

But it is a fact that racism also exists in the country . Drugs have certainly got an influence of the changing of Netherlands´ extremits ´ behaviour towards forreigners.


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Latest update of this page: 2005-07-15 
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