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Grand Duchy of Luxembourg


Luxembourgish (national language), German and French (administrative languages)


87 % Roman catholic, 13% Protestants, Jews and Muslims

Political System

Constitutional Monarchy

Chief of State: Grand Duke Henri of the House of Nassau-Weilburg



Geographical Information

Capital: Luxembourg

Total area: 2,586 sq km

Three districts

Border countries: Belgium, France, Germany

Mostly soft uplands with nice valleys, slightly mountainous in the north, plain in the south east. Large forests.

Continental climate but with mild winters and not very warm summers

Typical Food and drinks

Beer of Diekirch. Famous spirits and liquors. Nice Moselle wines.

Sausages, smoked ham, sauerkraut, cakes

Holidays and Festivals

23rd of June (National Day)

Christmas, New Year and different Roman Catholics Days


Founded in 963 by Sigefroi of Lorraine it was first a county , a part of the Holy Empire. It was ruled by the Netherlands up to 1444, then Spain up to 1555 and Austria up to 1714. In 1794 Luxembourg was occupied by the French army. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815 it was given to the Netherlands. With the revolution in 1830 the former duchy of Luxembourg was divided in two parts, one being a part of Belgium and the other one building the new Duchy still under the government of the Netherlands. When King Wilhelm II died in 1890, the actual branch of the Family of Nassau took over the power and has been ruling the Grand Duchy since then.

During the two World Wars Luxembourg was occupied by Germany.

In Mai 1947 the Grand Duchy, Belgium and the Netherlands built the Benelux, an economical union.

Luxembourg is member of the EU since 1957 and partner of the NATO since 1954.

Art and culture

Arts:  Jean-Pierre Beckius, Nico Klopp, Jean-Luc Koltz (painters)

Kutter, the conductor Hofmann

Literature: Jean Sorrente, guy Wagner, Josy Braun, Roger Manderscheid,… Fotograph Edward Steichen

Dos and donīts for visiting the country

You should try to arrive on time.

Be correct and well dressed.

Donīt expect too much flexibility in timing and social relationship.

Population and

% of foreign population /minorities

Celtic base with French and German influences.

about 442.000 citizens

276.600 native Luxembourgers (about 59 % of the whole population - - 441.200),

67.000 Portuguese, 25.000 French, 21.000 Italians, 17.000 Belgians, 11.000 Germans, …

other minorities but not in a high number of people. Very few Muslims

Main Integration Problems

Nearly none. Most of the foreigners come from EU countries and do not have religious problems or serious cultural differences



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Latest update of this page: 2005-07-15 
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